9 Signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

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What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder? 

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a mental health condition that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with NPD have a distorted sense of self-importance, a deep need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. 

They often believe that they are superior to others and deserve special treatment. They may also exaggerate their achievements, fantasize about success and power, and envy those who have what they want. People with NPD may manipulate, exploit, or disregard the feelings of others to get what they want.

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is named after Narcissus, a hunter from Greek mythology who was so obsessed with his own beauty that he couldn’t stop looking at his reflection in a pool of water. He did nothing else but stare at his reflection until he died.

While people often associate the term “narcissism” with physical appearance, NPD is more than just being vain. It can also involve other traits or abilities, such as intelligence, charisma, artistic skill, athletic ability, wealth, power, and success.

In other words, people with NPD may have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for admiration, regardless of whether their self-esteem is based on their looks or other qualities.

NPD is estimated to affect about 0.5-1% of the general population, but it is more common in certain groups, such as entertainers, business leaders, and politicians. It is also more common in men than in women.

It is important to note that NPD is a spectrum disorder, meaning that people can have different degrees of severity. Some people with NPD may have mild symptoms that only cause minor problems in their lives, while others may have severe symptoms that make it difficult to maintain relationships and function in society.

Types of Narcissistic Personality Disorder(NPD)

There are several different types of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), each with its own unique set of characteristics. Here is a brief overview of the different types of NPD:

  • Grandiose NPD: People with grandiose NPD have an inflated sense of self-importance and a deep need for admiration. They may believe that they are superior to others and may exaggerate their accomplishments and talents. They may also have a sense of entitlement and expect special treatment from others.
  • Covert NPD: People with covert NPD have a more hidden form of narcissism. They may have low self-esteem and may feel insecure. However, they also have a strong need for admiration and may feel jealous of others. They may also be manipulative and passive-aggressive.
  • Communal NPD: People with communal NPD have a strong need for admiration and may seek it out by associating with others who they perceive to be high status. They may also be very charitable or involved in good causes. However, their primary motivation is to gain admiration from others.
  • Antagonistic NPD: People with antagonistic NPD are often hostile and aggressive. They may be quick to anger and may enjoy putting others down. They may also be very competitive and may have a need to win at all costs.
  • Malignant NPD: Malignant NPD is the most severe form of NPD. People with malignant NPD have traits of both grandiose and antisocial personality disorder. They may be manipulative, exploitative, and cruel. They may also have a grandiose sense of self-importance and a need for admiration.
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