Mpox: What is it and How can it be prevented?

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What is mpox, previously called monkeypox?

Mpox (formerly monkeypox) is a rare disease caused by the mpox virus. It is a rare viral zoonotic disease that can cause a rash, fever, headache, muscle aches, and backache. The rash often begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body. It usually starts as small, flat bumps that turn into blisters and then scabs. The scabs eventually fall off, leaving behind scars.

The virus is most common in Central and West Africa, but it has been reported in other parts of the world, including the United States.

The virus is transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals, such as rodents and primates. It can also be transmitted through contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person, such as respiratory droplets, skin lesions, or scabs. The rash forms blisters and then crusts over, lasting for 2 to 4 weeks.


The symptoms of Mpox (monkeypox) are:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Exhaustion

The rash usually starts on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body. The rash forms blisters that fill with fluid and then crust over, lasting for 2 to 4 weeks. The rash may leave scars or cause skin discoloration .

The most common symptom is a rash that often begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body.

Some people may develop severe complications, such as:

  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
  • Eye infections
  • Sepsis (blood infection)
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal congestion
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

The risk of complications is higher for people who have weakened immune systems, such as those who have HIV, cancer, or organ transplants .
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