Is Swine Flu Making You Sick? Here’s the Lowdown on H1N1

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Influenza A (H1N1)
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Influenza A (H1N1), a subtype of the influenza virus, also known as swine flu, is a subtype of influenza A virus that causes respiratory illness in humans. It is one of the three main types of influenza viruses (the other two being types B and C). Influenza A viruses are the most common and cause the most severe illness in humans.

It emerged as a major global concern in 2009. This particular strain of influenza captured worldwide attention due to its rapid spread and potential for significant illness.

The H1N1 virus garnered the status of a pandemic as it affected populations across continents, causing alarm among healthcare professionals and the general public.

This strain was a combination of human, avian, and swine influenza viruses. The pandemic ended in 2010, but the H1N1 virus continues to circulate every flu season.

Causes and Transmissions:

The transmission of H1N1 virus can occur in several ways:

Human-to-human transmission: The primary route of transmission is through respiratory droplets when an infected individual coughs, sneezes, or talks. These droplets can be inhaled by others in close proximity, infecting them with the virus.

Direct contact: The virus can also spread through direct contact with contaminated surfaces or objects. If an individual touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, and then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes, they can contract the infection.

Airborne transmission: In certain circumstances, the H1N1 virus can remain airborne for a short period of time, especially in enclosed spaces with poor ventilation. This mode of transmission is less common but can occur if individuals are exposed to infectious respiratory droplets in the air.

As for the causes of H1N1 virus infection, it is mainly caused by exposure to the virus itself. The virus can be contracted by being in close proximity to an infected person who has the H1N1 virus or by coming into contact with surfaces or objects contaminated by the virus.
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