Crush Hernia Pain in 3 Easy Steps

Posted on:
On this article you will find

A hernia occurs when an organ or tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue.

This can happen in various parts of the body, but it is most commonly associated with the abdominal area. The protrusion often creates a noticeable bulge or lump.

There are different types of hernias, including inguinal hernias (in the groin), hiatal hernias (in the upper stomach), and umbilical hernias (at the belly button). Symptoms may include pain, discomfort, and the visible bulge mentioned earlier.


The causes of hernias are multifactorial and can involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Here are some common causes and risk factors associated with hernias:

Weakness in the Abdominal Wall

The primary cause of hernias is a weakness in the muscles of the abdominal wall.

This weakness can be congenital (present from birth) or acquired over time due to factors such as aging.

Increased Intra-Abdominal Pressure

Anything that increases pressure within the abdomen can contribute to the development of hernias.

This includes activities like heavy lifting, persistent coughing (as seen in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or smoking), constipation, and straining during bowel movements.

Genetic Predisposition

There may be a genetic component to hernias. Individuals with a family history of hernias may be more prone to developing them themselves.


As people age, the muscles and connective tissues in the body can naturally weaken, making hernias more common in older individuals.


Some types of hernias, such as inguinal hernias, are more common in men than in women.


The pressure on the abdominal wall during pregnancy, along with hormonal changes, can increase the risk of hernias, particularly in the abdominal and groin areas.


Excess weight can place additional strain on the abdominal muscles and increase the likelihood of hernia formation.

Previous Surgeries

Surgical procedures, especially those involving the abdominal area, can weaken the muscles and contribute to the development of hernias.

Chronic Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which involves persistent coughing, may increase the risk of hernias.


Smoking can lead to chronic coughing, which can contribute to the development of hernias.

It’s important to note that while these factors can increase the risk of hernias, not everyone with these risk factors will develop a hernia.

Conversely, hernias can occur in individuals without these risk factors.


The symptoms of a hernia can vary depending on the type and location of the hernia.

In some cases, hernias may be asymptomatic (without symptoms), and the condition is only discovered during a routine physical examination or imaging test.

However, when symptoms do occur, they can include:

Visible Lump or Bulge

One of the most common signs of a hernia is the presence of a noticeable lump or bulge under the skin. The bulge may become more prominent when you cough, strain, or stand.

Pain or Discomfort

The area around the hernia may be tender, and you might experience pain or discomfort, especially when lifting, coughing, or bending over.

Feeling of Heaviness

Some individuals with hernias may describe a sensation of heaviness or pressure in the affected area.

Burning or Aching Sensation

Pain associated with a hernia may manifest as a burning or aching sensation.


Swelling may occur around the hernia site, and the affected area may appear larger or swollen.

Difficulty Swallowing (Hiatal Hernia)

For hiatal hernias, which occur in the upper stomach, symptoms can include difficulty swallowing, chest pain, and acid reflux.

Heartburn (Hiatal Hernia)

Hiatal hernias can also cause heartburn due to the stomach protruding through the diaphragm into the chest cavity.

Changes in Bowel Habits

In some cases, hernias can cause changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or difficulty with bowel movements.

Hernia Pain

Hernia pain can vary widely depending on the type of hernia, its size, location, and whether any complications are present.

Here are some key points about hernia pain:

Variable Intensity

Hernia pain can range from mild to severe, and it may come and go.

The pain is often exacerbated by activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure, such as lifting heavy objects, coughing, or straining during bowel movements.

Tenderness and Discomfort

The area around the hernia may be tender to the touch, and you may feel general discomfort or aching in that region.

Burning Sensation

Some people with hernias describe a burning sensation at the site of the bulge.

Throbbing or Pulsating Pain

In certain cases, individuals may experience a throbbing or pulsating pain associated with the hernia.

Radiating Pain

Depending on the type and location of the hernia, pain may radiate to other areas. For example, a hiatal hernia can cause chest pain and discomfort.

Relief in Certain Positions

Changing positions, such as lying down, may provide temporary relief from hernia pain.

However, the pain often returns with activities that increase abdominal pressure.

Chronic Pain

In some cases, especially if a hernia is left untreated or if complications develop, individuals may experience chronic or persistent pain.


Hernias themselves may not always cause complications, especially if they are small and asymptomatic.

However, if a hernia becomes incarcerated or strangulated, it can lead to serious complications and necessitate immediate medical attention.

Here are some potential complications associated with hernias:


This occurs when a portion of the herniated organ or tissue becomes trapped in the hernia sac, potentially leading to obstruction.

While this can cause pain and discomfort, it does not necessarily cut off blood supply. However, incarceration may progress to strangulation.


Strangulation is a more serious complication that involves the blood supply to the herniated tissue being compromised.

This can result in tissue damage and, if not treated promptly, lead to tissue death (necrosis). Strangulation is a medical emergency and requires immediate surgical intervention.


Hernias can sometimes cause obstruction of the intestines if a portion of the bowel becomes trapped in the hernia.

This can lead to symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and the inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement.

Compromised Blood Flow

The blood supply to the herniated organ or tissue can be compromised, leading to ischemia (lack of blood flow).

This is a concern in cases of strangulation and can result in serious complications if not addressed promptly.


If the contents of the hernia, such as intestinal contents, spill into the abdominal cavity, it can lead to inflammation of the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), causing peritonitis.

Peritonitis is a serious condition that requires urgent medical attention.

Chronic Pain

While not as immediately life-threatening as some of the other complications, untreated hernias can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.

Relieve Pain in 3 steps

Here are three general steps that may help relieve hernia pain:

Rest and Avoid Straining

Resting and avoiding activities that strain the abdominal muscles can help relieve hernia pain by reducing pressure on the weakened area and minimizing the risk of complications.

Here’s how these measures can be beneficial:

  • Reduction of Intra-Abdominal Pressure:
    Resting and avoiding strenuous activities help minimize intra-abdominal pressure.
    Increased pressure in the abdominal cavity can contribute to the protrusion of organs or tissues through a weakened muscle wall, exacerbating hernia symptoms.
  • Prevention of Further Tissue Protrusion:
    Straining during activities such as heavy lifting or intense physical exertion can worsen hernia symptoms by causing further protrusion of organs or tissues through the weakened area.
    Resting allows the affected muscles to recover and reduces the risk of exacerbating the hernia.
  • Minimization of Discomfort and Pain:
    Activities that strain the abdominal muscles can cause discomfort and pain in individuals with hernias.
    Resting helps alleviate these symptoms by minimizing movements that may aggravate the herniated area.
  • Facilitation of Natural Healing:
    Rest is an essential component of the body’s natural healing process.
    Giving the affected muscles time to recover can contribute to the reduction of inflammation and allow the body to repair the weakened tissue, potentially providing relief from hernia-related symptoms.

Apply Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress or ice pack to the affected area can help relieve hernia pain through several mechanisms:

  • Reduction of Inflammation:

Cold compresses can help constrict blood vessels and reduce blood flow to the affected area. This vasoconstriction can help minimize inflammation, which is often associated with pain in herniated regions.

  • Numbing Sensation:

The cold temperature of the compress can numb the nerves in the affected area temporarily. This numbing effect can help alleviate pain and provide a sense of relief.

  • Constriction of Blood Vessels:

Cold therapy causes blood vessels to constrict, reducing blood flow to the area.
This can be particularly beneficial in cases where there might be swelling or inflammation associated with the hernia, as it helps limit the expansion of tissues into the weakened muscle wall.

  • Pain Signal Modulation:

Cold therapy may affect the transmission of pain signals to the brain, leading to a reduction in the perception of pain.
This modulation of pain signals can contribute to pain relief.

Applying a cold compress for hernia pain relief is a simple process.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it safely:

  • Gather Supplies:

You’ll need a cold pack or ice pack.
This can be a gel-filled pack or a bag of ice wrapped in a thin cloth or towel to prevent direct contact with the skin.

  • Wrap the Cold Compress:

If you’re using ice, wrap it in a thin cloth or towel.
This helps protect your skin from direct exposure to the cold and prevents potential frostbite.

  • Position Yourself Comfortably:

Find a comfortable and relaxed position.
You may choose to sit or lie down, depending on the location of your hernia.

  • Place the Cold Compress on the Hernia:

Gently place the wrapped cold compress over the area where you are experiencing hernia pain. Ensure that the cold pack covers the entire affected area.

  • Hold in Place:

Hold the cold compress in place for about 15-20 minutes.
Avoid pressing too hard on the hernia, as excessive pressure may be uncomfortable.

  • Remove and Rest:

After the recommended time, remove the cold compress and allow your skin to return to its normal temperature.
Rest for a while before deciding if you need to reapply the cold compress.

  • Repeat as Needed:

You can repeat the cold compress application every 1-2 hours as needed for pain relief.
Always allow your skin to warm up between applications.

  • Monitor for Skin Sensitivity:

Pay attention to your skin’s response.
If you notice any skin irritation or discomfort, consider placing a thin cloth between the cold compress and your skin or reduce the duration of application.

Use Over-the-Counter Pain Medications

Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications can be effective in relieving hernia pain by reducing inflammation and alleviating discomfort.

Here’s how these medications can help:

  • Analgesic Effects:

Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), provide analgesic effects, meaning they can help reduce pain perception.
Acetaminophen is particularly effective for mild to moderate pain.

  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects (NSAIDs):

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve) have both analgesic (pain-relieving) and anti-inflammatory effects.
They can help reduce inflammation around the herniated area, which is often associated with pain.

  • Reduction of Swelling:

NSAIDs, in particular, can help decrease swelling in the affected area. Swelling can contribute to pain and discomfort, and by reducing it, these medications may provide relief.

  • Fever Reduction (if applicable):

Some hernias, especially if they are associated with inflammation or infection, may cause fever.

NSAIDs can also help reduce fever, contributing to an overall sense of relief.

  • Ease of Access:

OTC pain medications are widely available and easy to access without a prescription.
They can be a convenient option for managing mild to moderate hernia pain.

When using OTC pain medications for hernia pain relief:

  • Follow Dosage Instructions:

Adhere to the recommended dosage and guidelines provided on the medication packaging or as directed by your healthcare provider.

  • Consider Existing Medical Conditions:

If you have pre-existing medical conditions or take other medications, consult with a healthcare professional before using OTC pain medications to ensure they are safe for you.

  • Short-Term Relief:

OTC pain medications are generally used for short-term relief.
If your hernia pain persists or worsens, it’s important to seek professional medical advice.

  • Be Aware of Side Effects:

Be aware of potential side effects, especially if using NSAIDs, which can include stomach upset or irritation.
If you experience adverse effects, discontinue use and consult with a healthcare professional.

Tips to prevent Hernia

While not all hernias can be prevented, there are certain lifestyle practices and precautions that may help reduce the risk of developing a hernia. Here are some tips:

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Excess weight can place strain on the abdominal muscles, increasing the risk of hernia development.

Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Exercise Regularly

Engage in regular physical activity to strengthen your abdominal muscles.

Exercises that target the core, such as planks and abdominal crunches, can be beneficial.

Practice Safe Lifting Techniques

When lifting heavy objects, use proper lifting techniques.

Bend at the knees, keep the back straight, and lift with your legs rather than your back.

Avoid twisting while lifting.

Avoid Straining During Bowel Movements

Straining during bowel movements can increase intra-abdominal pressure.

Ensure an adequate intake of fiber and fluids to promote regular bowel movements and reduce the risk of constipation.

Quit Smoking

Smoking can lead to chronic coughing, which increases intra-abdominal pressure and may contribute to the development of hernias.

Quitting smoking can have overall health benefits.

Treat and Manage Chronic Cough

If you have a chronic cough due to conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), seek medical advice for proper management to minimize strain on the abdominal muscles.

Avoid Heavy Lifting After Surgery

If you’ve had abdominal surgery, follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding lifting restrictions during the recovery period to prevent strain on healing tissues.

Wear Supportive Gear During Heavy Lifting

When engaging in activities that involve heavy lifting, consider wearing supportive gear such as a weightlifting belt to provide additional support to the abdominal muscles.

Manage Constipation

Address constipation through dietary changes, increased fiber intake, and staying hydrated.

Straining during bowel movements can contribute to the development of hernias.

Treat Persistent Cough

If you have a persistent cough unrelated to smoking or known respiratory conditions, consult with a healthcare professional for an evaluation and appropriate treatment.

Practice Good Posture

Maintain good posture, especially when sitting or standing for extended periods.

Proper posture helps distribute weight evenly and reduces strain on the abdominal muscles.

Stay Hydrated

Drink an adequate amount of water to maintain overall health, including the health of your muscles and connective tissues.

It’s important to note that while these tips may help reduce the risk of hernias, individual factors, including genetics and certain medical conditions, can also play a role.

If you have specific concerns or a family history of hernias, consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance.


A hernia is a condition where an organ or tissue protrudes through a weakened spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue.

Various factors contribute to the development of hernias, including genetic predisposition, age-related muscle weakening, increased intra-abdominal pressure from activities like heavy lifting, and conditions like obesity or chronic coughing.

Symptoms can range from a visible bulge and discomfort to more severe complications like incarceration or strangulation, which require immediate medical attention.

Managing hernia pain involves a combination of lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medical intervention.

Resting, avoiding activities that strain the abdominal muscles, applying cold compresses, and using over-the-counter pain medications are common approaches for symptom relief.

However, it’s essential to note that these measures provide temporary relief and do not address the underlying issue.

Surgical intervention may be necessary for repairing the weakened muscle wall, especially in cases of persistent or severe symptoms.

Preventing hernias involves adopting healthy lifestyle practices, such as maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise to strengthen abdominal muscles, practicing safe lifting techniques, and addressing factors like constipation or chronic coughing.

Quitting smoking, managing posture, and staying hydrated are additional preventive measures.

While these tips may help reduce the risk of hernia development, it’s crucial for individuals to consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate management of hernia-related concerns.

Overall, early detection, proper medical guidance, and a proactive approach to health contribute to better outcomes in managing and preventing hernias.


What is a hernia?

A hernia occurs when an organ or tissue protrudes through a weakened spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue.

What are common symptoms of a hernia?

Symptoms may include a visible bulge, pain, discomfort, and changes in bowel habits.

How does hernia pain happen?

Hernia pain occurs when the protruding organ or tissue puts pressure on the weakened muscle wall, causing discomfort or pain.

Can hernias be prevented?

While not always preventable, maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, and safe lifting practices can reduce the risk.

How is hernia pain relieved?

Resting, avoiding straining, applying a cold compress, and using over-the-counter pain medications can provide temporary relief.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 0 / 5. Vote count: 0

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

As you found this post useful...

Follow us on social media!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Follow us on Google News

Related Articles

natural Remedies for Toothaches

10 Natural Remedies for Toothaches You Can Try Today

Toothaches can be a real pain in YOUR…mouth. Whether it’s a sharp, stabbing sensation or a dull, constant throb, toothaches have a knack for ruining your day (or night). While …

Read the article icon left
vitamins for fatigue and muscle pain

The 5 best vitamins that can combat fatigue and muscle pain

Feeling constantly tired and dealing with muscle pain debilitating?  Good news: We’ve discovered some vitamins for fatigue and muscle pain but not any info you will read, you will know …

Read the article icon left
Torn Meniscus

Torn Meniscus: Why Does It Cause Knee Locking Pain?

The meniscus is a crucial structure in knee mechanics, providing stability and support during movement. A torn meniscus can lead to pain, swelling, and a locking sensation that hinders normal …

Read the article icon left
icon top