Hemorrhoids: Effective Treatments and Home Remedies

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What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the anus or lower rectum. They can occur internally, within the rectum, or externally, around the anal opening. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, itching, and bleeding, especially during bowel movements.

What are the causes of Hemorrhoids?

The exact cause of hemorrhoids is not completely understood, but there are several factors that can contribute to their development. Common causes include:

  • Straining during bowel movements: Putting excessive pressure on the rectal area while straining during bowel movements can lead to the formation of hemorrhoids.
  • Chronic constipation: Difficulty passing stool regularly and straining during bowel movements can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids.
  • Prolonged sitting or standing: Remaining seated or standing for long periods of time can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the pressure on the rectal veins, making them more prone to becoming swollen and inflamed.
  • Pregnancy: The hormonal changes and increased pressure on the rectal area during pregnancy can lead to the development of hemorrhoids.
  • Aging: As individuals age, the tissues supporting the veins in the rectal area may weaken, making them more susceptible to hemorrhoids.
  • Hereditary factors: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing hemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

The symptoms of hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms of hemorrhoids include:

  • Rectal pain or discomfort: Hemorrhoids can cause pain or discomfort in the rectal area, especially during bowel movements or when sitting for extended periods.
  • Itching or irritation: Hemorrhoids can cause itching, burning, or irritation in the anal region.
  • Rectal bleeding: Bright red blood on the toilet paper, in the toilet bowl, or on the surface of the stool may be a sign of hemorrhoids. However, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional to rule out other potential causes of rectal bleeding.
  • Painless bleeding: Internal hemorrhoids, which do not protrude outside the anus, may not cause pain but can still cause bleeding during bowel movements.
  • Swelling or lumps: External hemorrhoids, located outside the anus, can cause noticeable swelling or small, tender lumps around the anal area.
  • Discomfort or pain during bowel movements: Straining or friction during bowel movements can cause pain or discomfort when hemorrhoids are present.

What is the difference between External and Internal Hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids and internal hemorrhoids are two different types of hemorrhoids that affect the anal area. Here are the main differences between them:


External hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus. They tend to be more visible and can be felt as small lumps or swelling.
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